Power. Speed. Energy. These are words used often to describe a turbo engine. The amount of power your car has can have the ability to make you feel invincible. Turbo engines are a common factory modification done to all types of cars and trucks to increase engine power, in turn creating more horsepower and speed potential. These engines force more air that would naturally be available for intake into the cylinders. After going turbo, your smaller engine now has the power of a larger one, making you able to go faster with much less effort.
How Turbo Engines Work
Turbo chargers are hooked up between the exhaust and intake areas to draw more air from outside the vehicle. A quickly spinning radial inflow turbine wheel is powered by hot exhaust gasses from the engine to compress and push more air into the engine cylinders, causing a build-up of pressure and a large power boost. More air in the engine means more fuel can be added to the engine. Boost pressure is monitored by a “waste gate” that opens when the optimal levels have been achieved to release extra air so pressure doesn’t continue to build as this could damage the engine. Sometimes, turbo charging your engine can increase engine power by more than 150 horsepower.
The Fun Things about Turbo Engines
With the obvious ability to boost the horsepower of your engine to that of a much larger one, you can increase your ability to go faster by simply putting your foot on the gas pedal. The amount of horsepower boost will depend on the type of engine you have and what kind of turbo equipment you install.
Turbo engines can also increase fuel economy. By boosting the power of an engine without requiring more gas, you can get all of the benefits of a V-8 engine with the fuel requirements of a V-6. More bang for your buck!
The Not-So-Fun Things about Turbo Engines
It’s not all fun and games when it comes to turbo engines. There are risks, too. One of the major ways a turbo can fail is because of the constant high levels of heat the engine generates. The turbo exhaust housing transfers a lot of heat to the shaft bearings, potentially causing bearing failure if the flow of coolant is restricted or lost. Or the head gasket in the combustion chamber can become faulty if it can’t handle the constant supply of heat, which can be very expensive to replace.
Don’t Modify Yourself
All of the risks mentioned above can be minimized by having your engine modified by the factory before you ever take the car home. In cases where you need engine modification or repair after the factory, contact us first to get a quality recommendation for a local specialty performance shop. Don’t modify yourself; have it done at the factory or let our network of professionals do it for you!